THE BIBLE. GOD. MAN. SIN. SIN'S PENALTY. THE FIRST HELL. SPIRITISM AND OCCULTISM. THE SECOND HELL. THE RESURRECTION.
WHO IS ITS AUTHOR?
Rom. 3:1, 2—What advantage then hath the Jew? … Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God. Eph. 6:17—Take … the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God. 2 Pet. 1:21—Prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.
THROUGH WHOM WAS IT WRITTEN?
2 Sam. 23:1, 2—The sweet Psalmist of Israel said, The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and His Word was in my tongue. Zech. 7:12—They should hear the Law, and the words which the LORD of Hosts hath sent in His Spirit by the former prophets. Luke 1:70—As He spake by the mouth of His holy prophets, which have been since the world began. Acts 3:18, 21—But those things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of all His prophets, that Christ should suffer, He hath so fulfilled, … whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all His holy prophets since the world began. Heb. 1:1, 2—God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, hath in these last days spoken unto us by His Son. Rom. 1:2—Which He had promised afore by His prophets in the Holy Scriptures. 2 Pet. 3:15, 16—Our beloved brother Paul also, according to the wisdom given unto him, hath written unto you, as also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things, in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are
unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other Scriptures, unto their own destruction.
WHAT PROVES ITS INSPIRATION?
2 Tim. 3:16—All Scripture is given by inspiration of God.
(1) Its miracles: John 20:30, 31—And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of His disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ. Heb. 2:4—God also bearing them witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit.
(2) Its fulfilled prophecies: Is. 41:21, 23—Produce your cause, saith the LORD; bring forth your strong reasons, saith the King of Jacob. Shew the things that are to come hereafter, that we may know that ye are gods. Is. 45:11, 21—Thus saith the LORD … Ask Me of things to come… Who hath declared this from ancient time? Who hath told it from that time? Have not I the LORD? Is. 46:9, 10—I am God, and there is none like Me, declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all My pleasure. Acts 28:23—And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into his lodging, to whom he expounded and testified the Kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus, both out of the Law of Moses and out of the Prophets, from morning till evening. 2 Pet. 1:19—We have also a more sure word of prophecy, whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts.
(3) Its practicability: Is. 55:11—My Word … shall not return unto Me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it. Jas. 3:17-The wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits.
(4) Its reasonableness: Is. 1:18—Come now, and
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let us reason together, saith the LORD. Acts 17:2—And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the Scriptures. 1 Pet. 3:15—Be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you.
(5) Lacks and characters of its writers: Acts 4:13—When they … perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marveled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus. 2 Pet. 1:21—Holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.
(6) Its superhuman knowledge: 1 Cor. 2:7, 8, 10—We speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, … which none of the princes of this world knew; … but God hath revealed them unto us by His Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. Ps. 119:98-100—Thou through Thy commandments hast made me wiser than mine enemies: … I have more understanding than all my teachers: for Thy testimonies are my meditation. I understand more than the ancients, because I keep Thy precepts. Mark 12:24—And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the Scriptures, neither the power of God?
(7) Its indestructibility: Is. 40:8—The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the Word of our God shall stand for ever. Matt. 24:35-Heaven and earth shall pass away, but My words shall not pass away. 1 Pet. 1:25—The Word of the Lord endureth for ever.
WHAT ARE ITS GENERAL CONTENTS?
(1) Doctrines and (2) precepts: 2 Tim. 3:16—All Scripture … is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.
(3) Promises: 2 Cor. 1:20—For all the promises of God in Him are yea, and in Him Amen.
(4) Exhortations: Heb. 13:22—And I beseech you, brethren, suffer the word of exhortation: for I have written a letter unto you in few words.
(5) Prophecies: Dan. 9:24: Seventy weeks are determined … to seal up the vision and prophecy.
(6) Histories: 2 Chro. 24:27—They are written in the story of the Book of the Kings.
(7) Types: Gal. 4:24—Which things are an allegory: for these are two covenants; the one from Mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.
WHAT ARE ITS LEADING CHARACTERISTICS?
(1) Truthfulness: Ps. 119:160—Thy Word is true from the beginning.
(2) Goodness: Heb. 6:5—And have tasted the good Word of God.
(3) Harmony: Acts 15:15—And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written.
(4) Comprehensibility: Eph. 3:18—Ye may be able to comprehend with all saints what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height.
(5) Authoritativeness: Is. 8:20—To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this Word, it is because there is no light in them.
(6) Sufficiency: 2 Tim. 3:15-17—From a child thou hast known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation, … that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.
(7) Efficacy: Heb. 4:12—For the Word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
WHAT DOES IT EFFECT?
(1) Repentance: Acts 2:37-Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the Apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?
(2) Faith: Rom. 10:17-Faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the Word of God.
(3) Cleansing: John 15:3-Now ye are clean through the Word which I have spoken unto you.
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(4) Enlightenment: Ps. 119:130—The entrance of Thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.
(5) Sanctification: John 17:17—Sanctify them through Thy Truth: Thy Word is Truth.
(6) Spiritual begettal: Jas. 1:18—Of His own will begat He us with the Word of Truth.
(7) Spiritual quickening: Ps. 119:50—Thy Word hath quickened me.
(8) Spiritual growth: Deut. 32:2—My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass.
(9) Spiritual strengthening: Eph. 6:10, 11, 17—Be strong in the Lord, and in the power of His might. Put on the whole armor of God … and take … the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.
(10) Spiritual balance: 1 Thes. 3:13—To the end He may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God.
(11) Spiritual perfection: Heb. 13:21—Make you perfect in every good work to do His will. 2 Tim. 3:16, 17—All Scripture is … profitable, … that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.
(12) Salvation: Rom. 1:16—For I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth.
WHAT SHOULD WE DO WITH IT?
(1) Love: Ps. 119:97—O, how love I Thy law.
(2) Study: John 5:39—Search the Scriptures. Ps. 1:2-In His Law doth he meditate day and night.
(3) Assimilate: Ps. 119:11—Thy Word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against Thee.
(4) Practice: Luke 11:28—Blessed are they that hear the Word of God, and keep it.
(5) Spread: Jer. 23:28—He that hath My Word, let him speak My Word faithfully.
IS THERE A GOD?
(1) First Cause: Rom. 11:36—For of Him, and through Him, and to Him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen. Is. 44:6—Thus saith the LORD, … I am the First, and I am the Last, and beside Me there is no God. Heb. 3:4—For every house is builded by some man; but He that built all things is God.
(2) Design in creation: Ps. 94:9—He that planted the ear, shall He not hear? He that formed the eye, shall He not see? Rom. 1:19, 20—Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them; for the invisible things of Him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead.
(3) Adaptability of various parts of creation: Ps. 19:1-6—The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth His handiwork. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath He set a tabernacle for the sun, which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race. His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it; and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.
(4) Absurdity of Atheism: Ps. 14:1—The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God.
WHAT IS GOD?
Acts 17:29—We ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man's device. John 4:24—God is a Spirit. Luke 24:39—A spirit hath not flesh and bones. 1 Tim. 1:17—Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
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WHO IS GOD?
Deut. 4:35; 10:17—Unto thee it was shewed, that thou mightest know that Jehovah, He is God; there is none else beside Him. For Jehovah your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible. 2 Sam. 22:32—For who is God, save Jehovah? and who is a Rock, save our God? Jer. 10:10—But Jehovah is the true God, He is the living God, and an everlasting King. Rom. 3:29—Is He the God of the Jews only? Is He not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also.
WHAT ARE HIS CHIEF ESSENTIAL QUALITIES?
(1) Personality: Heb. 1:3—Who, being the brightness of His glory, and the express image of His person, … sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on High.
(2) Corporeality: John 5:37—And the Father Himself, which hath sent Me, hath borne witness of Me. Ye have neither heard His voice at any time, nor seen His shape.
(3) Spirituality: 2 Cor. 3:17—The Lord is that Spirit.
(4) Self—existence: Ex. 3:14—And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM; and He said, Thus shalt thou say, I AM hath sent me unto you.
(5) Eternity: Ps. 90:2—Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever Thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, Thou art God.
(6) Self—sufficiency: Acts 17:25—Neither is worshipped with men's hands, as though He needed anything, seeing He giveth to all life, and breath, and all things.
(7) Immortality: John 5:26—The Father hath life in Himself.
(8) Omnipotence: Rev. 19:6—The Lord God Omnipotent reigneth!
(9) Omniscience: 1 John 3:20—God … knoweth all things.
(10) Omnipresence: Jer. 23:24—Can any hide himself
in secret places that I shall not see him? saith the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth?
(11) Supremacy: 1 Chro. 29:11—Thine is the kingdom, O Lord, and Thou art exalted as Head above all.
(12) Unity: 1 Cor. 8:6—To us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in Him.
(13) Immutability: Jas. 1:17—Every good gift … cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.
(14) Invisibility: Col. 1:15—Who is the image of the invisible God.
WHAT ARE HIS CHIEF MORAL QUALITIES?
(1) Wisdom: Job 12:13—With Him is wisdom and strength, He hath counsel and understanding.
(2) Power: Jer. 32:17—Ah, Lord God! behold, Thou hast made the heaven and the earth by Thy great power and stretched out arm, and there is nothing too hard for Thee.
(3) Justice: Deut. 32:4—He is the Rock, His work is perfect: for all His ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is He.
(4) Love: 1 John 4:16—We have known and believed the love that God hath to us. God is love.
(5) Holiness: 1 Pet. 1:16—Be ye holy, for I am holy.
(6) Impartiality: 1 Pet. 1:17—Call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work.
(7) Truthfulness: Tit. 1:2—In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began.
(8) Faithfulness: Deut. 7:9—Know therefore that the LORD thy God, He is God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love Him and keep His commandments to a thousand generations.
(9) Mercy: Ps. 136:26—O give thanks unto the God of heaven: for His mercy endureth forever.
(10) Goodness: Mark 10:18—There is none good but one, that is, God.
(11) Graciousness: Eph. 1:6—To the praise of the
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glory of His grace, wherein He hath made us accepted in the Beloved.
(12) Forbearance: Is. 48:9—For My name's sake will I defer Mine anger, and for My praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off.
(13) Longsuffering: 2 Pet. 3:9—The Lord is … longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.
(14) Forgiveness: Num. 14:18—The LORD is longsuffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression.
(15) Liberality: Jas. 1:5—If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
(16) Gentleness: Ps. 18:35—Thou hast also given me the shield of Thy salvation: and Thy right hand hath holden me up, and Thy gentleness hath made me great.
(17) Orderliness: 1 Cor. 14:33—For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace.
(18) Fatherliness: 2 Cor. 6:18—And I will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be My sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
(19) Kingliness: Zech. 14:9—The LORD shall be king over all the earth.
(20) Peace: Phil. 4:7—And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.
(21) Joy: Deut. 30:9—The LORD will again rejoice over thee for good, as He rejoiced over thy fathers.
WHAT ARE HIS WORKS?
(1) Creation: Gen. 1:1—In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
(2) Providence: Rom. 8:28—We know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to His purpose.
(3) Redemption: John 3:16—For God so loved the world, that He gave His Only Begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
(4) Instruction: Ps. 25:9—The meek will He guide in judgment: and the meek will He teach His way.
(5) Justification: Rom. 8:33—It is God that justifieth.
(6) Sanctification: 1 Thes. 5:23—And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly.
(7) Deliverance: Matt. 6:13—Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.
WHAT ARE HIS RIGHTS?
(1) Ownership of all things: 1 Chro. 29:11—Thine, O LORD, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in the heaven and in the earth is Thine.
(2) Rulership of all things: 1 Chro. 29:11—Thine is the Kingdom, O LORD, and Thou art exalted as Head above all.
(3) Disposal of all things: Ps. 135:6—Whatsoever the LORD pleased, that did He, in heaven, and in earth, in the seas, and all deep places.
(4) Our obedience: Deut. 13:4—Ye shall walk after the LORD your God, and fear Him, and keep His commandments, and obey His voice, and ye shall serve Him, and cleave unto Him.
(5) Our reverence: Heb. 12:28—Let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably, with reverence and godly fear.
(6) Our confidence: Prov. 3:5—Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding.
(7) Our love: Luke 10:27—Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind.
WHAT IS MAN?
(1) A living soul: Gen 2:7—God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
(2) Lower than the angels: Heb. 2:6, 7—What is
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man? … Thou madest him a little lower than the angels.
(3) Higher than brutes: Ps. 8:6-9-Thou hast put all things under his feet: all sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field; the fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas.
OF WHAT TWO PARTS DOES HE CONSIST?
(1) Body: 1 Cor. 15:44, 47—It is sown a natural body … There is a natural body. The first man is of the earth, earthy. Gen. 2:7—And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground. Gen. 3:19—In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return. Eccl. 3:20—All go unto one place; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again. Luke 24:39—Behold My hands and My feet … A spirit hath not flesh and bones.
(2) Life-principle, or breath of life, spirit of life: Gen. 2:7—The LORD God … breathed into his nostrils the breath of life. Gen. 6:17—I do bring a flood … to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life. Gen. 7:15—And they went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of life. Eccl. 3:19, 21 (Revised Version)—For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them; as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; and man hath no pre-eminence above the beasts. Who knoweth the spirit of man, whether it goeth upward, and the spirit of the beast, whether it goeth downward to the earth? Ezek. 37:4, 6, 9, 10—Again He said unto me, Prophesy upon these bones … I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and ye shall live; and ye shall know that I am the LORD. Then said He unto me, Prophesy unto the wind … Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live. So I prophesied as He commanded me, and the breath came
into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army.
WHAT DO THE UNION AND THE SEPARATION OF
THESE TWO PARTS PRODUCE?
(1) Their union: Gen. 2:7—God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living soul. Ezek. 37:10-14—So I prophesied as He commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army … And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I have opened your graves, O My people, and brought you up out of your graves, and shall put My Spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the LORD have spoken it, and performed it.
(2) Their separation: Jas. 2:26—The body without the spirit is dead. Ps. 146:4—His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.
IN WHAT CONDITION WAS MAN CREATED?
(1) In God's image: Gen. 1:26, 27—And God said, Let Us make man in Our image … So God created man in His own image; in the image of God created He him; male and female created He them. Gen. 9:6—In the image of God made He man. 1 Cor. 11:7—He is the image and glory of God. Jas. 3:9—Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God.
(2) In God's likeness: Gen. 1:26—And God said, Let Us make man … after Our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. Gen. 5:1—In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made He him.
WHAT WAS THE IMAGE OF GOD?
Gen. 1:31—And God saw every thing that He bad made, and, behold, it was very good. Deut. 32:4—His work is perfect: for all His ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is He.
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Eccl. 7:29—God hath made man upright. Rom. 8:29—For whom He did foreknow, He also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of His Son. 2 Cor. 3:18—But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image, from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord. Eph. 4:24—Put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness. Col. 3:10—Put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of Him that created him.
WHAT WAS THE LIKENESS OF GOD?
Gen. 1:26—And God said, Let Us make man … after Our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. Ps. 8:5-8—Thou … hast crowned him with … honor. Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of Thy hands; Thou hast put all things under his feet: all sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field; the fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas. Heb. 2:8—In that He put all in subjection under him, He left nothing that is not put under him.
WHAT WERE MAN'S CHIEF PHYSICAL QUALITIES?
(1) Materiality: 1 Cor. 15:47—The first man is of the earth, earthy. Heb. 2:14—As the children are partakers of flesh and blood, He also Himself likewise took part of the same. Luke 24:39—Behold My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself: handle Me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see Me have.
(2) Mortality: job 4:17—Shall mortal man be more just than God?
(3) Dependence: 2 Cor. 3:5—Not that we are sufficient of ourselves, to think anything as of ourselves; but our sufficiency is of God.
(4) Finiteness: Heb. 2:6, 7—What is man, that Thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that Thou visitest him? Thou madest him a little lower than the angels.
WHAT WERE MAN'S CHIEF MORAL QUALITIES?
2 Pet. 1:5-7—Add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; and to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness; and to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity.
WHAT WAS MAN'S ORIGINAL ABODE?
Gen. 2:8-15—And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there He put the man whom He had formed. And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. And a river went out of Eden to water the garden … And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
WHAT WAS THE LAW OF MAN'S TRIAL?
Gen. 2:16, 17—And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat; but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. Deut. 30:15, 19, 20—See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil. I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live: that thou mayest love the LORD thy God, and that thou mayest obey His voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto Him: for He is thy life, and the length of thy days.
HOW WAS HE TRIED?
John 8:44—The devil … was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. Gen. 3:1, 4-6, 13—Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden? And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: … ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food,
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and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat. And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. 2 Cor. 11:3—The serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty. 1 Tim. 2:14—Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.
IN WHAT DID HIS TRIAL RESULT?
Rom. 5:12—By one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon ail men, for that all have sinned.
WHAT IS SIN?
1 John 3:4—Sin is the transgression of the law. 1 John 5:17—All unrighteousness is sin. Rom. 8:7—The carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the Law of God, neither indeed can be. Rom. 14:23—Whatsoever is not of faith is sin. Jas. 4:17—To him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin.
HOW DID SIN ORIGINATE?
(1) Among angels: Is. 14:12-14—How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the Most High. John 8:44—The devil … was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar and the father of it. 1 John 3:8—The devil sinneth from the beginning. Gen. 6:2, 4—The sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose. When the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men,
and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. Jude 6, 7 (Revised Version)—And angels that kept not their own principality, but left their proper habitation, he hath kept in everlasting bonds under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about them, having in like manner with these given themselves over to fornication and gone after strange flesh.
(2) Among men: Gen. 3:13, 12—God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. And the man said, The woman whom Thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat. 2 Cor. 11:3—The serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty. 1 Tim. 2:14—Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.
HOW MANY OF THE HUMAN RACE ARE SINFUL?
1 Kings 8:46—There is no man that sinneth not. Job 25:4-6—How then can man be justified with God? or how can he be clean that is born of a woman? … The stars are not pure in His sight. How much less man? Is. 64:6—We are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags. Rom. 3:9-12, 19, 23—We have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin; As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: there is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. What things soever the Law saith, it saith to them who are under the Law: that … all the world may become guilty before God. All have sinned and come short of the glory of God. Gal. 3:22—The Scripture hath concluded all under sin. 1 John 1:8, 10—If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar, and His Word is not in us. 1 John 5:19—The whole world lieth in wickedness.
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HOW HAVE ALL BECOME SINFUL?
(1) By heredity: Job 14:4—Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? Not one. Ps. 51:5—Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. Ps. 58:3—The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born. Rom. 5:12, 19—By one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned. By one man's disobedience many were made sinners. Eph. 2:3—We all … were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. 1 Pet. 1:18—Ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers.
(2) By personal wrong—doing: Eccl. 7:29—God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. Is. 53:6—All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way.
IN WHAT WAYS CAN SIN BE COMMITTED?
(1) By thought: Gen. 6:5—God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.
(2) By desire: Matt. 5:28—Whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
(3) By word: Jas. 3:2—If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body.
(4) By deed: John 3:19-Their deeds were evil.
WHAT KINDS OF SIN ARE THERE?
(1) Sins of weakness and ignorance: Luke 12:48—He that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few stripes. Rom. 5:14—Death reigned … over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's trangression. Rom. 7:19, 20—The good that I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do. Now if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me.
1 Tim. 1:13—I did it ignorantly in unbelief. 1 John 5:17—There is a sin not unto death.
(2) Sins of wilfulness: Heb. 6:4, 6—For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Spirit, … if they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance, seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put Him to an open shame. Heb. 10:26-For if we sin willfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins. 1 John 5:16—There is a sin unto death.
(3) Sins partly of willfulness and partly of weakness or ignorance: Luke 12:47—That servant which knew his Lord's will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes. Matt. 26:74, 75—Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man … and Peter remembered the word of Jesus … and he went out and wept bitterly.
WHAT ARE THE CHIEF SINS?
(1) Unbelief: Heb. 3:12—Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
(2) Atheism: Ps. 53:1—The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God.
(3) Forgetting God: Hos. 13:6—Their heart was exalted; therefore have they forgotten Me.
(4) Alienation from God: Eph. 4:18—Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart.
(5) Disobedience to God: Rom. 10:21—All day long I have stretched forth My hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
(6) Tempting God: Ps. 78:41—They turned back and tempted God, and limited the Holy One of Israel.
(7) Rebellion against God: Ps. 107:11—Because they rebelled against the words of God, and contemned the counsel of the Most High.
(8) Blasphemy: Rom. 2:24—For the name of God
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is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written.
(9) Belieing God: Hos. 7:13—They have spoken lies against Me.
(10) Dishonoring parents: Prov. 30:17—The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.
(11) Unchastity: 1 Cor. 10:8—Neither let us commit fornication.
(12) Covetousness: Ps. 10:3—The wicked … blesseth the covetous, whom the LORD abhorreth.
(13) Evil speaking: Jas. 4:11—Speak not evil one of another.
(14) Hatred: 1 John 2:11—He that hateth his brother is in darkness.
(15) Nagging: Gal. 5:15—If ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another.
(16) Revenge: 1 Thes. 5:15—See that none render evil for evil unto any man.
(17) Oppression: Prov. 14:31—He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker.
(18) Flattery: Ps. 12:2—With flattering lips and with a double heart do they speak.
(19) Falsehood: Jer. 9:5—They will deceive every one his neighbor, and will not speak the truth: they have taught their tongue to speak lies.
(20) Hypocrisy: Matt. 23:28—Ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy.
(21) Murder: Gen. 4:8—Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.
(22) Misleading others: Prov. 16:29—A violent man enticeth his neighbor, and leadeth him into the way that is not good.
(23) Stealing: Ps. 119:61—The wicked have robbed me.
(24) Pride: Prov. 21:4—An high look and a proud heart … is sin.
AGAINST WHOM IS SIN COMMITTED?
(1) God: Ps. 51:4—Against Thee, Thee only, have I sinned.
(2) Christ and the Church: 1 Cor. 8:12—But when ye sin so against the brethren, and wound their weak conscience, ye sin against Christ.
(3) Mankind in general: Prov. 3:29—Devise not evil against thy neighbor.
(4) Self: 1 Cor. 6:18—He that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body. Prov. 8:36—But he that sinneth against Me wrongeth his own soul.
WHY IS SIN PERMITTED?
(1) To teach hatred for sin through its terrible effects: Rom. 7:13—Was then that which is good made death unto me? God forbid. But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that which is good; that sin by the commandment might become exceeding sinful.
(2) To teach men by its hatefulness to forsake it and practice righteousness: Ps. 76:10—Surely the wrath of man shall praise Thee: the remainder of wrath shalt Thou restrain. Rom. 8:20, 21, 28—The creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of Him who hath subjected the same in hope, because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. We know that all things work together for good to them that love God. Rom. 11:32—God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that He might have mercy upon all.
WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF SIN?
(1) As to God: Rom. 2:23—Thou … through breaking the Law dishonourest God. 2 Sam. 11:27—The thing that David had done displeased the LORD. Ps. 95:10—Forty years long was I grieved with this generation. Deut. 1:34—The LORD heard the voice of your words, and was wroth. Deut. 25:16—All that do unrighteously are an, abomination unto the LORD—Is. 43:24—Thou hast made Me to serve with thy sins, thou hast wearied Me with thine iniquities.
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(2) As to others: 2 Pet. 2:7—And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked. Prov. 4:16—For they sleep not, except they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless they cause some to fall.
(3) As to self: Col. 1:21—You that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works. Rom. 1:28—And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind. Titus 1:15—Unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled. Gal. 5:17—The flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. Job 18:11—Terrors shall make him afraid on every side. Ps. 140:11—Evil shall hunt the violent man to overthrow him. Prov. 29:1—He, that being often reproved hardeneth his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.
HOW CAN SIN BE OVERCOME?
(1) By repentance: Acts 3:19—Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out.
(2) By faith in Christ's blood: Rom. 3:25—Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in His blood, to declare His righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God.
(3) By consecration to the Lord: Rom. 12:1—I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.
(4) By mortifying sin: Rom. 8:13—If ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.
WHAT WILL ITS OVERCOMERS RECEIVE?
Rev. 22:14—Blessed are they that do His commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.
WHAT IS THE PENALTY OF SIN?
Gen. 2:17—Of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat … in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. Jer. 31:30—Every one shall die for his own iniquity. Rom. 1:32—They which commit such things are worthy of death. Rom. 5:12, 15, 17—Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned. Through the offence of one many be dead. By one man's offence death reigned by one. Rom. 6:16, 21, 23—To whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death. The end of those things is death. The wages of sin is death. Rom. 7:5—The motions of sins … did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death. 1 Cor. 15:21, 22, 56—By man came death … in Adam all die. The sting of death is sin. Jas. 1:15—When lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. 1 John 5:16—There is a sin unto death.
DOES THE SOUL DIE?
Job 36:14 (margin)—Their soul dieth in youth; and their life is among the unclean. Ps. 56:13; 116:8—Thou hast delivered my soul from death. Ps. 78:50—He spared not their soul from death. Is. 53:10, 12—Thou shalt make His soul an offering for sin. He hath poured out His soul unto death: and He was numbered with the transgressors; and He bare the sin of many. Ezek. 18:4, 20—Behold, all souls are Mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is Mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son: the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him. Matt. 26:38—My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death. Jas. 5:20—He which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death.
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IS DEATH AS SIN'S PENALTY LIFE?
Deut. 30:15, 19—I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil. I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live. Rom. 5:21—That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life. Rom. 6:23—The wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life. Rom. 8:13—If ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.
IS THE SOUL'S EXISTENCE CONDITIONAL?
Ps. 22:29—None can keep alive his own soul. Ps. 30:3—Thou hast brought up my soul from the grave: thou hast kept me alive. Ps. 33:18, 19—Behold, the eye of the LORD is upon them that fear him, … to deliver their soul from death, and to keep them alive. Ps. 49:8—The redemption of their soul is precious and it ceaseth for ever. Is. 55:3—Incline your ear, and come unto—me: hear, and your soul shall live. Ezek. 13:9—And will ye pollute Me among My people for handfuls of barley and for pieces of bread, to slay the souls that should not die, and to save the souls alive that should not live? Ezek. 18:27—When the wicked man turneth away from his wickedness … and doeth that which is lawful and right, he shall save his soul alive.
DOES DEATH AS SIN'S PENALTY MEAN A
Lev. 22:3—Whosoever … goeth unto the holy things, … having his uncleanness upon him, that soul shall be cut off. Num. 15:30—But the soul that doeth ought presumptuously, … the same reproacheth the LORD; and that soul shall be cut off. Ps. 37:9, 22, 34—Evil-doers shall be cut off. They that be cursed of Him shall be cut off. The wicked are cut off.
DOES DEATH AS SIN'S PENALTY MEAN PERISHING?
(1) The fact: Job 4:9—By the blast of God they perish, and by the breath of His nostrils are they consumed. Job 6:15, 18—My brethren have dealt deceitfully, … and as the stream of brooks they pass
away … They go to nothing, and perish. Ps. 73:27—Lo, they that are far from Thee shall perish: Thou hast destroyed all them that go … from Thee. Prov. 11:10—The wicked perish.
(2) The meaning of perishing: Ps. 37:20—The wicked shall perish, and the enemies of the LORD shall be as the fat of lambs: they shall consume; into smoke shall they consume away. Matt. 8:25, 32—His disciples … awoke Him, saying, Lord, save us: we perish. Matt. 8:32—The herd of swine … perished. Luke 11:50, 51—The blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, … from the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple, … shall be required of this generation. Luke 13:33—It cannot be that a prophet perish out of Jerusalem. John 3:16—For God so loved the world, that He gave His Only Begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
DOES DEATH AS SIN'S PENALTY MEAN DEVOURING?
Is. 1:20—But if ye refuse and rebel, ye shall be devoured. Heb. 10:26, 27—For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, but a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries. Ezek. 22:25—There is a conspiracy of her prophets in the midst thereof like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls.
DOES DEATH AS SIN'S PENALTY MEAN CONSUMING?
Ps. 104:35—Let the sinners be consumed out of the earth. Is. 1:28—The destruction of the transgressors and of the sinners shall be together, and they that forsake the LORD shall be consumed. Is. 10:17, 18—The light of Israel … shall consume … both soul and body. Heb. 12:29—For our God is a consuming fire.
DOES DEATH AS SIN'S PENALTY MEAN
Job 31:3-Is not destruction to the wicked? Ps.
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9:5—Thou hast destroyed the wicked, Thou hast put out their name for ever and ever. Ps. 35:17—Lord … rescue my soul from their destructions. Ps. 37:38—The transgressors shall be destroyed together: the end of the wicked shall be cut off. Ps. 40:14—Let them be ashamed … that seek after my soul to destroy it. Ps. 145:20—The LORD preserveth all them that love Him: but all the wicked will He destroy. Prov. 6:32—Whoso committeth adultery … destroyeth his own soul. Is. 1:28—The destruction of the transgressors and of the sinners shall be together. Ezek. 22:27—Her princes … like wolves ravening the prey … destroy souls. Matt. 10:28—Fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear Him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. Acts 3:23—It shall come to pass that every soul which will not hear that Prophet shall be destroyed. 1 Cor. 3:17—If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy. Phil. 3:19—Whose end is destruction. 2 Thes. 1:9—Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction. 1 Tim. 6:9—Foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition. 2 Pet. 2:1, 12—There shall be false teachers among you, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. These, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, … shall utterly perish in their own corruption. 2 Pet. 3:16—As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other Scriptures, unto their own destruction.
DOES DEATH AS SIN'S PENALTY MEAN
Job 6:18—They go to nothing, and perish. Job 7:9—As the cloud is consumed and vanisheth away: so he that goeth down to the grave shall come up no more. Ps. 37:10, 35, 36—Yet a little while, and the wicked shall not be: yea, thou shalt diligently consider his place, and it shall not be. I have seen the wicked in
great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree. Yet he passed away, and lo, he was not: yea, I sought him, but he could not be found. Ps. 49:12—Nevertheless, man being in honour abideth not: he is like the beasts that perish. Ps. 104:35—Let the wicked be no more. Is. 43:17—They are extinct, they are quenched as tow. Obad. 16—They shall be as though they had not been.
WHAT DOES CHRISTS DEATH AS OUR RANSOM
PROVE SIN'S PENALTY TO BE?
Matt. 20:28—The Son of Man came … to give His life a Ransom for many. 1 Tim. 2:6—Who gave Himself a Ransom for all, to be testified in due time. Is. 53:5, 8, 10, 12—He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and with His stripes we are healed. He was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was He stricken. Thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin. He hath poured out His soul unto death: and He was numbered with the transgressors; and He bare the sin of many. 1 Cor. 15:3—Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures. Rom. 4:25—Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification. Rom. 5:6, 8, 10—Christ died for the ungodly … God commendeth His love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. When we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of His Son. 2 Cor. 5:14—If one died for all, then were all dead. Heb. 2:9—But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that He by the grace of God should taste death for every man. 1 Pet. 3:18—Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh.
HOW CAN WE BE SAVED FROM SIN'S PENALTY?
(1) Repentance: Luke 24:47 Repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. Acts 3:19—Repent
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… that your sins may be blotted out. Acts 5:31—Him hath God exalted with His right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance … and forgiveness of sins.
(2) Faith: John 3:14-18—As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up: that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have eternal life. For God so loved the world, that He gave His Only Begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through Him might be saved. He that believeth on Him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the Only Begotten Son of God. John 5:24—He that … believeth on Him that sent Me hath everlasting life, and … is passed from death unto life. John 6:47—He that believeth on Me hath everlasting life. John 11:25—He that believeth in Me, though he were dead, yet shall he live. John 20:31—These are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing ye might have life through His name. Acts 10:43—To Him give all the prophets witness, that through His name whosoever believeth in Him shall receive remission of sins. Acts 13:38, 39—Through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins: and by Him all that believe are justified from all things.
THE FIRST HELL
[Quotations under this heading mainly from the A. R. V.]
WHERE DOES THE BIBLE TEACH TWO HELLS?
Rev. 20:14—And death and (1) Hades were cast into (2) the lake of fire. This is the second death.
BY WHAT NAMES DOES THE GREEK NEW
TESTAMENT DISTINGUISH BETWEEN THEM?
(1) Hades: Rev. 20:13, 14—Death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them … and death and Hades were cast into the Lake of fire. (2) Gehenna: Matt.
10:28—Fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna [margin].
WHAT NAME DOES THE HEBREW OF THE OLD
TESTAMENT GIVE TO BOTH HELLS?
Sheol: (1) Ps. 16:10—Thou wilt not leave My soul to Sheol; neither wilt Thou suffer Thy Holy One to see corruption. (2) Job 7:9—As the cloud is consumed and vanisheth away, so he that goeth down to Sheol shall come up no more.
WHO GO TO THE FIRST HELL?
(1) The evil: Ps. 55:15—Let death come suddenly upon them; let them go down alive into Sheol: for wickedness is in their dwelling. 1 Kings 2:6—Let not his hoar head go down to Sheol in peace.
(2) The good: e.g., Jacob, Joseph, Job, Jesus, David, Hezekiah, etc. Gen. 37:35—I will go down to Sheol to my son mourning. Job 14:13—Oh, that Thou wouldest hide me in Sheol, that Thou wouldest keep me secret, until Thy wrath be past, that Thou wouldest appoint me a set time, and remember me! Ps. 16:10 (comp. Acts 2:27-31)—Thou wilt not leave my soul to Sheol. Is. 38:10—I shall go into the gates of Sheol: I am deprived of the residue of my years.
WHAT PUTS PEOPLE INTO THE FIRST HELL?
(1) Sin: 1 Cor. 15:55, 56—O death, where is thy sting? O Hades, where is thy victory? The sting of death is sin.
(2) Death: Ps. 18:5—The cords of Sheol were round about me; the snares of death came upon me.
(3) Trouble: Ps. 88:3—For my soul is full of troubles; and my life draweth nigh unto Sheol. Jonah 2:2—I called by reason of mine affliction unto Jehovah, and He answered me; out of the belly of Sheol cried I, and Thou heardest my voice.
(4) Pain: Ps. 116:3—The cords of death compassed me; and the pains of Sheol gat hold upon me.
WHEN DO PEOPLE ENTER THE FIRST HELL?
At Death: 1 Kings 2:9—Thou shalt bring his hoar head down to Sheol with blood. Job 17:16—It shall go down to the bars of Sheol, when once there is rest
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in the dust. Job 21:13—They spend their days in proserity, and in a moment they go down to Sheol. Prov. 7:27—Her house is the way to Sheol, going down to the chambers of death. Prov. 9:18—He knoweth not that the dead are there, that her guests are in the depths of Sheol.
WHEN DO PEOPLE LEAVE THE FIRST HELL?
At the awakening of the dead: Job 14:12, 13—So man lieth down and riseth not: till the heavens be no more, they shall not awake, nor be roused out of their sleep. O that Thou wouldest hide me in Sheol, that Thou wouldest keep me secret, until Thy wrath be past, that Thou wouldest appoint me a set time and remember me! Acts 2:31—He foreseeing this spake of the resurrection of the Christ, that neither was He left unto Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption. Rev. 20:12, 13—I saw the dead, … standing before the throne … And the sea gave up the dead that were in it; and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them.
IS THERE ANY LIFE IN THE FIRST HELL?
1 Sam. 2:6—Jehovah killeth, and maketh alive: He bringeth down to Sheol, and bringeth up. Ps. 30:3—O Jehovah, Thou hast brought up my soul from Sheol; Thou hast kept me alive. Ps. 89:48—What man is he that shall live and not see death, that shall deliver his soul from the power of Sheol? Prov. 5:5—Her feet go down to death; her steps take hold on Sheol. Rev. 6:8—And I saw, and behold, a pale horse: and he that sat upon him, his name was Death; and Hades followed with him.
ARE THOSE IN THE FIRST HELL CONSCIOUS?
Ps. 6:5—For in death there is no remembrance of Thee: in Sheol who shall give Thee thanks? Ps. 31:17—Let the wicked be put to shame, let them be silent in Sheol. Eccl. 9:10—There is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in Sheol, whither thou goest. Is. 38:18, 19—For Sheol cannot praise Thee, death cannot celebrate Thee: they that go down into the pit cannot hope for Thy truth. The living, the living, he shall praise Thee.
WHAT OTHER SCRIPTURES TEACH THE
UNCONSCIOUSNESS OF ALL IN THE FIRST HELL?
Job 14:21—His sons come to honor, and he knoweth it not; and they are brought low, but he perceiveth it not of them. Ps. 115:17—The dead praise not Jehovah. Ps. 146:4—His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish. Eccl. 9:5, 6—The living know that they shall die: but the dead know not anything. … As well their love, as their hatred and their envy, is perished. Is. 63:16—For Thou art our Father, though Abraham knoweth us not, and Israel doth not acknowledge us.
WHAT SCRIPTURAL FIGURE SHOWS IT?
Dan. 12:2—And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake. John 11:11-14—Our friend Lazarus is fallen asleep; but I go, that I may awake him out of sleep. The disciples therefore said … If he is fallen asleep, he will recover. Now Jesus had spoken of his death: but they thought that He spake of taking rest in sleep. Then Jesus therefore said unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead. Acts 7:60—8:1—He fell asleep. And Saul was consenting unto his death. 1 Cor. 15:17, 18, 20—And if Christ hath not been raised, … they also that are fallen asleep in Christ have perished. … Now hath Christ been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of them that are asleep.
WITH WHAT IS THE FIRST HELL
Job 26:6—Sheol is naked before God, and Destruction hath no covering. Prov. 15:11—Sheol and Destruction are before Jehovah. Prov. 27:20—Sheol and Destruction are never satisfied.
WHAT DOES THE FIRST HELL TEMPORARILY
DO TO THOSE WHO ENTER IT?
Job 24:19—Drought and heat consume the snow waters; so doth Sheol those that have sinned. Ps. 49:14—They are appointed as a flock for Sheol; … and their beauty shall be for Sheol to consume. Prov. 1:12—Let us swallow them up alive as Sheol, and whole, as those that go down into the pit. Is. 5:14—Therefore
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Sheol hath enlarged its desire, and opened its mouth without measure; and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth among them, descend into it.
WHAT THINGS BESIDES HUMAN SOULS GO TO
THE FIRST HELL BEFORE THE
Num. 16:30, 32, 33—If … the ground open its mouth, and swallow them up, with all that appertain unto them, and they go down alive into Sheol; then ye shall understand that these men have despised Jehovah; … and the earth opened its mouth, and swallowed them up, and their households, and all the men that appertained unto Korah, and all their goods. So they, and all that appertained to them, went down alive into Sheol; and the earth closed upon them. Is. 14:9, 11—Sheol from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming. Thy pomp is brought down to Sheol. Ezek. 31:16, 17—I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to Sheol with them that descend into the pit; and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon … also went down into Sheol with him unto them that are slain by the sword. Ezek. 32:27—And they shall not lie with the mighty that are fallen of the uncircumcised, that are gone down to Sheol with their weapons of war. Matt. 11:23—And thou, Capernaum, shalt thou be exalted unto heaven? Thou shalt go down unto Hades.
WILL THE FIRST HELL BE DESTROYED BY THE
AWAKENING OF THE DEAD?
Ps. 49:15—But God will redeem my soul from the power of Sheol. Hos. 13:14—I will ransom them from the power of Sheol; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues! O Sheol, I will be thy destruction! Amos 9:2—Though they dig into Sheol, thence shall My hand take them. Matt. 16:18—Upon this rock I will build My Church; and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it. 1 Cor. 15:54, 55—Then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. O death,
where is thy sting? O Hades, where is thy victory? Rev. 1:18—I have the keys of death and of Hades. Rev. 20:13, 14—Death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them … and death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire.
WHAT ARE SPIRITISM AND OCCULTISM
SPIRITISM AND OCCULTISM?
Lev. 19:31—Regard not them that have familiar spirits, neither seek after wizards, to be defiled by them. Deut. 18:10, 11—There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch, or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer. Is. 8:19 (Am. Rev. Ver.)—When they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits, and unto the wizards, that chirp and that mutter: should not a people seek unto their God? On behalf of the living, should they seek unto the dead? Gal. 5:19, 20—Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these: Adultery, … witchcraft.
IN BIBLE TIMES WHAT KIND OF PEOPLE
PRACTICED SPIRITISM AND OCCULTISM?
(1) The worst of the heathen: Ex. 7:11—Pharaoh also called … the sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt … did in like manner with their enchantments. 2 Kings 9:22—When Joram saw Jehu, he said, Is it peace, Jehu? And he answered, What peace, so long as … her [Jezebel's] witchcrafts are so many? Is. 19:3—Egypt … shall seek to the idols, and to the charmers, and to them that have familiar spirits, and to the wizards. Acts 8:9—Simon … used sorcery, and bewitched the people of Samaria, giving out that himself was some great one.
(2) The worst of the Jews: 1 Sam. 28:7—Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and inquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, there is a
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woman that hath a familiar spirit at En-dor. 2 Chro. 33:6—He [Manasseh] observed times, and used enchantments, and used witchcraft, and dealt with a familiar spirit, and with wizards; he wrought much evil in the sight of the LORD. Jer. 14:14—The prophets prophesy lies in My name: … they prophesy unto you a false vision and divination.
WHY CAN THE DEAD NOT COMMUNICATE, IN
SPIRITISM AND OCCULTISM, WITH THE LIVING?
Job 14:21—His sons come to honour, and he knoweth it not; and they are brought low, but he perceiveth it not of them. Ps. 6:5—In death there is no remembrance of Thee: in the grave [Sheol] who shall give Thee thanks? Ps. 115:17—The dead praise not the LORD, neither any that go down into silence. Ps. 146:4—His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish. Eccl. 9:5, 6, 10—The living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing … Also their love, and their hatred, and their envy, is now perished; neither have they any more a portion for ever in any thing that is done under the sun. There is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave [Sheol], whither thou goest. Is 38:18, 19—The grave [Sheol] cannot praise Thee, death cannot celebrate Thee: they that go down into the pit cannot hope for Thy truth. The living, the living, he shall praise Thee, as I do this day. Is. 63:16—Doubtless Thou art our Father, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not. Dan. 12:2—Many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake. John 11:11, 14—Our friend Lazarus sleepeth; but I go, that I may awake him out of sleep. Then said Jesus unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead. Acts 7:60-8:1—He fell asleep. And Saul was consenting unto his death.
DO THE SCRIPTURES TEACH THAT EVIL SPIRITS THE FALLEN ANGELS—ARE PERSONAL BEINGS?
Luke 4:41—Devils also came out of many, … saying, Thou art Christ the Son of God. And He rebuking them suffered them not to speak: for they knew that
He was Christ. Acts 19:15—The evil spirit answered and said, Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are ye? Jas. 2:19—Devils also believe, and tremble.
WHEN DID THESE SPIRITS BECOME EVIL?
(1) Their leader: 1 John 3:8—The devil sinneth from the beginning.
(2) His followers: Gen. 6:2, 4—The sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives. When the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, they bare children to them. 1 Pet. 3:19, 20—He … preached unto the spirits in prison; which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah. Jude 6, 7—The angels which kept not their first estate … He hath reserved in everlasting chains … Even as Sodom and Gomorrha … in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh.
WHAT HAVE THE FALLEN ANGELS ESTABLISHED
OVER THE HUMAN FAMILY?
Matt. 12:24—They said, This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub, the prince of devils. Luke 11:18-If Satan also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand? John 14:30—The prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in Me. Eph. 2:2—Wherein in time past ye walked according to … the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience. Eph. 6:12—For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against wicked spirits [margin] in high places.
HOW DO THE FALLEN ANGELS ESPECIALLY SEEK
TO CONTROL THE HUMAN FAMILY?
John 8:44—The devil … abode not in the truth … When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. 2 Cor. 4:4—The god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not. 2 Thes. 2:9—Whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders.
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1 Tim. 4:1—Some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils.
WHAT ARE SOME METHODS FALLEN ANGELS HAVE USED TO CONTROL THE HUMAN FAMILY?
(1) The devil worship of heathenism: Lev. 17:7—They shall no more offer their sacrifices unto devils, after whom they have gone. Deut. 32:16, 17—They provoked Him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations provoked they Him to anger. They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not. 1 Cor. 10:20—The Gentiles sacrifice … to devils.
(2) Occultism: Deut. 18:10, 11—There shall not be found among you anyone that … useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch, or a charmer, … or a wizard.
(3) Spiritism: Deut. 18:10, 11—There shall not be found among you … a consulter with familiar spirits … or a necromancer [one claiming to speak with the dead]. Is. 8:19 (Am. Rev. Ver.)—And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits, … should not a people seek unto their God? On behalf of the living, should they seek unto the dead?
(4) Demoniac possession: Matt. 8:28—When He was come … into the country of the Gergesenes, there met Him two possessed with devils, coming out of the tombs, exceeding fierce. Matt. 12:22—Then was brought unto Him one possessed with a devil, blind, and dumb: and He healed him. Luke 8:2—Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils.
HOW HAVE THE FALLEN ANGELS, IN SPIRITISM
AND OCCULTISM, IMPERSONATED THE DEAD?
(1) In Spiritism: 1 Sam. 28:6, 7, 11-16, 19, 20—When Saul inquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets. Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and inquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman that hath a familiar spirit at En-dor. … Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up unto thee? And he said, bring me up Samuel. And when
the woman saw [the representation of] Samuel, she cried with a loud voice: and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived me? for thou art Saul. And the king said unto her … What sawest thou? And the woman said unto Saul, I saw gods ascending out of the earth. And he said unto her, What form is he of? And she said, An old man cometh up; and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived [concluded] that it was Samuel. … And Samuel [his representation] said to Saul, Why has thou disquieted me, to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am sore distressed; … and God is departed from me, and answereth me no more; … therefore I have called thee, and thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do. Then said [the representation of] Samuel, Wherefore then dost thou ask of me, seeing the LORD is departed from thee, and is become thine enemy? … The LORD will also deliver Israel with thee into the hands of the Philistines: and tomorrow shalt thou and thy sons be with me. Then Saul … was sore afraid.
(2) In Occultism: Acts 16:16—A certain damsel possessed with a spirit of divination … brought her masters much gain by soothsaying.
HOW DO WE KNOW THAT THE FALLEN ANGELS
(1) God and His servants, of whom Samuel was one, would have nothing to do with Saul: 1 Sam. 28:6—When Saul inquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.
(2) God had forbidden necromancy—alleged talking with the dead—hence His servants, of whom Samuel was one, shunned it: Deut. 18:10, 11—There shall not be found among you any … consulter with familiar spirits, … or a necromancer.
(3) God punished Saul with death for consulting with the demons through the witch of En-dor: 1 Chro. 10:13—So Saul died, … also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to inquire of it.
(4) God would not permit one under His death sentence,
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as was the witch of En-dor, to disturb the death-sleep of His faithful servants, of whom Samuel was one: Ex. 22:18—Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.
HOW DO WE KNOW THAT A FALLEN ANGEL IN
OCCULTISM IMPERSONATED PYTHON?
(1) In the Greek of Acts 16:16 the damsel is said to have been possessed by the spirit of Python: Acts 16:16—It came to pass, … a certain damsel possessed with the spirit of Python [margin] met us.
(2) St. Paul cast out a fallen angel from her: Acts 16:18—Paul … said to the spirit, I command thee in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her. And he came out the same hour.
HOW MUST WE SCRIPTURALLY REGARD SPIRITISM AND OCCULTISM WITH ALL THEIR METHODS, LIKE TRANCES, VISIONS, MENTAL TELEPATHY, HYPNOTISM, MATERIALIZATIONS, TABLE RAPPINGS AND TIPPINGS, SEANCES, PLANCHETTES, OUIJA BOARDS, CONTROL-WRITINGS, MESSAGES BY CARD SHUFFLING, OPENING THE BIBLE AT RANDOM FOR ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS, ETC.?
(1) As methods through which devils—not dead people—operate: Deut. 32:17—They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not. 2 Kings 21:1-3, 6—Manasseh … did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, after the abominations of the heathen. … He reared up altars for Baal, … and worshipped all the host of heaven, … and observed times, and used enchantments, and dealt with familiar spirits and wizards.
(2) As heathen abominations: Deut. 18:9-12—When thou art come into the land … thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations of those nations. There shall not be found among you any one that … useth divination … or a consulter with familiar spirits … or a necromancer. For all that do these things are an abomination unto the LORD: and because of these abominations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee.
(3) As polluting practices: Lev. 19:31—Regard not
them that have familiar spirits, neither seek after wizards, to be defiled by them.
WHAT ARE THE SCRIPTURALLY ENJOINED
PUNISHMENTS OF THEIR DEVOTEES?
Ex. 22:18—Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live. Lev. 20:27—A man also or woman that hath a familiar spirit … shall surely be put to death. 1 Chro. 10:13—So Saul died … also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to inquire of it. Mal. 3:5—I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, … saith the LORD of hosts. Rev. 21:8—The abominable … and sorcerers … shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.
WHAT SHOULD BE OUR ATTITUDE TOWARD
SPIRITISM AND OCCULTISM?
(1) Avoidance: Deut. 18:14—These nations, which thou shalt possess, hearkened unto observers of times, and unto diviners: but as for thee, the LORD thy God hath not suffered thee so to do. Is. 8:19 (Am. Rev. Ver.)—And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits, and unto the wizards, that chirp and that mutter: should not a people seek unto their God? On behalf of the living, should they seek unto the dead?
(2) Opposition: Eph. 6:12—For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against wicked spirits [margin] in high places. Jas. 4:7—Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.
BY WHAT MEANS CAN OUR RESISTANCE
(1) By the armor of God: Eph. 6:13—Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day.
(2) The Word of God: Eph. 6:17—And take … the sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.
(3) Prayer: Matt. 6:13—Lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil.
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THE SECOND HELL
WHAT FIGURATIVE EXPRESSION DOES THE BOOK
OF REVELATION USE FOR THE SECOND HELL?
Rev. 19:20—The beast was taken, and with him the false prophet. … These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone. Rev. 20:10, 14—The devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone. And death and hell [Hades] were cast into the lake of fire.
WHAT IS THE LAKE OF FIRE?
Rev. 20:14, 15 (Comp. Am. Rev. Ver.)—This is the second death, even the lake of fire: And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire. Rev. 21:8—But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.
WHAT DO THE CLEAR PASSAGES TEACH IS THE
FATE OF ALL CAST INTO THE LAKE OF FIRE?
(1) Of the devil: Heb. 2:14—As the children are partakers of flesh and blood, He also Himself likewise took part of the same; that through death He might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil. Ps. 72:4—He … shall break in pieces the oppressor. Is. 27:1—In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan … that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon.
(2) Of the beast: 2 Thes. 2:8—Then shall that wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of His mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of His coming.
(3) Of the false prophet: Is. 8:9, 10, 12—Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces. … Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand. Say ye not, A Confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A Confederacy.
(4) Of death: 1 Cor. 15:26—The last enemy that
shall be destroyed is death. Rev. 21:4—There shall be no more death.
(5) Of the first hell: Hos. 13:14—I will ransom them from the power of the grave [Sheol]; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave [Sheol], I will be thy destruction! 1 Cor. 15:54, 55-Death is swallowed up in victory. O death, where is thy sting? O grave [Hades], where is thy victory?
(6) Of incorrigible sinners: Job 31:3—Is not destruction to the wicked? Ps. 9:5—Thou hast destroyed the wicked, Thou hast put out their name for ever and ever. Ps. 37:38—The transgressors shall be destroyed together: the end of the wicked shall be cut off. Ps. 92:7—When the wicked spring as the grass … they shall be destroyed for ever. Ps. 145:20—The LORD preserveth all them that love Him: but all the wicked will He destroy. Is. 1:28—The destruction of the transgressors and of the sinners shall be together, and they that forsake the LORD shall be consumed. 1 Cor. 3:17—If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy. Phil. 3:18, 19—Enemies … whose end is destruction. 2 Thes. 1:8, 9—[They] that obey not the gospel … shall be punished with everlasting destruction. 1 Tim. 6:9 (Am. Rev. Ver.)—They that are minded to be rich fall into a temptation and a snare … such as drown men in destruction and perdition. 2 Pet. 2:1, 12—There shall be false teachers among you, … even denying the Lord that bought them, and [shall] bring upon themselves swift destruction. These, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, … shall utterly perish in their own corruption.
Prov. 6:32—Whoso committeth adultery … destroyeth his own soul. Ezek. 22:27—Her princes in the midst thereof are like wolves ravening the prey, to shed blood, and to destroy souls. Matt. 10:28—Fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell [Gehenna]. Acts 3:23—Every soul which will not hear that Prophet, shall be destroyed. Jas. 5:20—He
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which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death.
ACCORDING TO THE PRIMARY DEFINITION OF THE GREEK WORDS TRANSLATED TORMENT AND TO
TORMENT IN REV. 14:9-11 AND REV. 20:10,
HOW SHOULD THESE VERSES READ?
Rev. 14:9-11—If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, the same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of His indignation; and he shall be tested with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb. And the smoke of their testing ascendeth up for ever and ever. Rev. 20:10—The devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be examined day and night for ever and ever. (Comp. Is. 14:15-20.)
IS JERUSALEM WITH ITS GEHENNA OUTSIDE ITS
WALLS A PICTURE OF NEW JERUSALEM WITH ITS
LAKE OF FIRE OUTSIDE ITS WALLS?
Matt. 5:34, 35—Swear not … by Jerusalem; for it is [types] the City of the great King.
SINCE LITERAL GEHENNA, OUTSIDE OF JERUSALEM, AS THE CITY'S SEWAGE PLANT DESTROYED ITS REFUSE, WHAT WILL FIGURATIVE GEHENNA—THE SECOND HELL—WITH ITS FIGURATIVE FIRES OUTSIDE OF NEW JERUSALEM DO WITH ITS FIGURATIVE REFUSE—THOSE UNWORTHY OF BEING IN NEW JERUSALEM?
Rev. 22:15—For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie. Matt. 5:22—Whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell [Gehenna] fire. Matt. 10:28—Fear Him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell [Gehenna]. Mark 9:43, 45, 47, 48—If thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell [Gehenna], into the fire that never shall be quenched … If thy foot offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter halt into life, than having two feet to be cast into hell [Gehenna], into the
fire that never shall be quenched. … If thine eye offend thee, pluck it out: it is better for thee to enter into the Kingdom of God with one eye, than having two eyes to be cast into hell [Gehenna] fire: where their worm [destruction] dieth not, and the fire [destruction] is not quenched.
SINCE IN THE PARABLE OF MATT. 25:31-46 THE SHEEP AND GOATS ARE FIGURATIVE, WHAT SHOULD WE INFER OF THE PARABOLIC FIRE INTO WHICH THEY ARE CAST?
Matt. 25:41, 46—Then shall He say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from Me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels. … And these shall go away into everlasting punishment [Greek, kolasin, which means cutting off. The contrast in the next clause suggests an everlasting cutting off from life, that is, everlasting death]; but the righteous into life eternal. Heb. 2:14—As the children are partakers of flesh and blood, He also Himself likewise took part of the same; that through death He might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil. Ps. 37:9, 10, 28, 35, 36—For evildoers shall be cut off. For yet a little while, and the wicked shall not be. The seed of the wicked shall be cut off. I have seen the wicked in great power, … yet he passed away, and, lo, he was not. 1 Cor. 15:56—The sting of death is sin. Rom. 6:23—The wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. 2 Thes. 1:8, 9—[They] that obey not the gospel … shall be punished with everlasting destruction.
WHAT ARE SOME OLD TESTAMENT PASSAGES THAT REFER TO THE SECOND HELL
Ps. 9:17—The wicked shall be [re] turned [Hebrew, shub, to turn or return] into hell [Sheol], and all the nations that forget God. Prov. 15:24 (Am. Rev. Ver.)—To the wise the way of life goeth upward, that he may depart from Sheol beneath. Prov. 23:14—Thou shalt beat him with the rod, and shalt deliver his soul from hell [Sheol]. Is 14:15—Thou [Lucifer] shalt be brought down to hell [Sheol]. Is. 28:15, 18—Because
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ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell [Sheol] are we at agreement; … your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell [Sheol] shall not stand.
WILL THERE EVER BE A RECOVERY FROM THE
DESTRUCTION OF THE SECOND HELL?
Job 7:9—As the cloud is consumed and vanisheth away: so he that goeth down to the grave [Sheol] shall come up no more. Is. 66:24—They shall go forth, and look upon the carcasses of the men that have transgressed against Me: for their worm [destruction] shall not die, neither shall their fire [destruction] be quenched. Mark 9:48—Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched. Prov. 29:1—He, that being often reproved hardeneth his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.
WHERE DO SOULS NOT GO AT DEATH?
(1) The souls of the wicked: Rev. 21:27—There shall in no wise enter into it [the heavenly City] any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination or maketh a lie. 1 Cor. 6:9, 10—Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. Heb. 12:14—Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord.
(2) The souls of the righteous: John 3:13—No man hath ascended up to heaven. Acts 2:34—For David is not ascended into the heavens. Heb. 11:39 And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise.
WHAT EVENTS MUST PRECEDE THE CHURCH'S
ENTERING HEAVEN AND SEEING THE LORD?
(1) Jesus' Second Advent: Matt. 16:27—For the Son of Man shall come in the glory of His Father with His angels; and then He shall reward every man
according to his works. John 14:2, 3—I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto Myself, that where I am, there ye may be also. 1 Thes. 4:15-17—We which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent [precede] them which are asleep. For the Lord Himself shall descend from heaven … and the dead in Christ shall rise first: then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.
(2) The resurrection of Jesus' followers from the dead: Luke 14:14—And thou shalt be blessed; … for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.
(3) The beginning of the Judgment Day: 1 Cor. 5:5—Deliver such an one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. 2 Tim. 4:8—Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love His appearing. Rev. 11:18—And the nations were angry, and Thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that Thou shouldest give reward unto Thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear Thy name, small and great.
WHAT SCRIPTURES PROVE THAT EVEN JESUS HAD
TO WAIT UNTIL AFTER HIS RESURRECTION
BEFORE HE COULD ENTER HEAVEN?
Matt. 28:6—He is not here: for He is risen, as He said. John 20:17—Jesus saith unto her, Touch Me not; for I am not yet ascended to My Father: but go to My brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto My Father, and your Father; and to My God, and your God.
WHERE IS THE SOUL BETWEEN DEATH AND
THE AWAKENING OF THE DEAD?
Ps. 16:10 (Am. Rev. Ver.)—Thou wilt not leave My soul to Sheol; neither wilt Thou suffer Thy Holy One to see corruption. Acts 2:31—He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that His soul was
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not left in hell [Hades]. Ps. 89:48 (Am. Rev. Ver.)—What man is he that shall live and not see death, that shall deliver his soul from the power of Sheol? Eccl. 9:10 (Am. Rev. Ver.)—There is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in Sheol, whither thou goest.
WHAT DOES THE WORD RESURRECTION MEAN?
(1) Not merely the awakening of the dead, else Jesus would not have been the first one to be resurrected: 1 Kings 17:22—The LORD heard the voice of Elijah; and … the child … revived. 2 Kings 13:21—As they were burying a man, … they cast the man into the sepulchre of Elisha: and when the man was let down, and touched the bones of Elisha, he revived. Matt. 9:18, 25—There came a certain ruler, … saying, My daughter is even now dead: but come and lay Thy hand upon her, and she shall live. He went in, and took her by the hand, and the maid arose. John 11:43, 44—He cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth! And he that was dead came forth. Acts 26:23—How that Christ should suffer, and that He should be the first that should rise from the dead. 1 Cor. 15:20—Now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. Col. 1:18—He is … the firstborn from the dead; that in all things He might have the preeminence. Rev. 1:5 (Am. Rev. Ver.)—Jesus Christ, … the firstborn of the dead.
(2) But a restanding from imperfection to perfection: Luke 20:35, 36—They which shall be accounted worthy to obtain … the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage: neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection. John 11:25, 26—Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in Me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: and whosoever liveth and believeth in Me shall never die. Acts 24:15—Have hope toward God, … that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust. Acts 26:6-8—I … am judged for the hope of
the promise made of God unto our fathers: unto which promise our twelve tribes, instantly serving God day and night, hope to come [attain]: for which hope's sake, King Agrippa, I am accused of the Jews. Why should it be thought a thing incredible with you, that God should raise the dead? 1 Cor. 15:21, 22—For since by man came death, by man came [shall come] also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. Phil. 3:7-11—What things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ … that I may win Christ, and be found in Him, not having mine own righteousness, … but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith: that I may know Him and the power of His resurrection, and the fellowship of His sufferings, being made conformable unto His death; if by any means I might attain unto the resurrection of the dead.
WHAT TWO THINGS ARE THE ANTECEDENTS
OF THE CHURCH'S AND THE WORLD'S
(1) The fall from perfection into sin, imperfection and death through Adam: Rom. 5:12, 17, 18, 19—By one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin. By one man's offence death reigned by one. By the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation. By one man's disobedience [the] many were made sinners. 1 Cor. 15:21, 22—By man came death; … for … in Adam all die.
(2) The ransom from sin, imperfection and death through Christ: 1 Tim. 2:5, 6—The Man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself a ransom for all. Rom. 5:15-19—The grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto [the] many … The free gift is of many offences unto justification … They which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ … By the righteousness of one the free gift came [shall come] upon all men unto justification of life … By the obedience of one shall [the]
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many be made righteous. 1 Cor. 15:21, 22—By man came [shall come] also the resurrection of the dead. For … in Christ shall all be made alive.
WHAT IS RESURRECTED?
(1) Not the body that is buried: 1 Cor. 15:35, 37—But some will say, How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come? That which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be.
(2) But the soul: Ps. 16:10 (Am. Rev. Ver.)—Thou wilt not leave My soul to Sheol. Acts 2:31—He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that His soul was not left in hell [Hades]. Ps. 30:3—Thou hast brought up my soul from the grave. Ps. 89:48 (Am. Rev. Ver.)—What man is he that shall live and not see death, that shall deliver his soul from the power of Sheol?
WHAT TWO RESURRECTIONS ARE ESPECIALLY
MENTIONED IN THE BIBLE?
(1) The heavenly, or spiritual, resurrection: Rev. 20:6—Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years. 1 Thes. 4:16, 17—The dead in Christ shall rise first. Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air. 1 Cor. 15:42-44, 49-53—So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption: it is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power: it is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. And as we have borne the image of the earthy [one, Adam], we shall also bear the image of the heavenly [One, Jesus]. Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the Kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption. Behold, I shew you a mystery; we shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of en eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed; for this
corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.
(2) The earthly, or human, resurrection: Ezek. 16:53, 55, 61, 63—When I shall bring again … the captivity of Sodom and her daughters, and the captivity of Samaria and her daughters, then will I bring again the captivity of thy captives in the midst of them. When thy sisters, Sodom and her daughters, shall return to their former estate, and Samaria and her daughters shall return to their former estate, then thou and thy daughters shall return to your former estate. Then … thou shalt receive thy sisters, thine elder and thy younger: and I will give them unto thee for daughters, but not by thy Covenant, … when I am pacified toward thee for all that thou hast done. Is. 25:6-8—In this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things. … He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of His people shall He take away from off all the earth. Is. 65:17, 19, 21-23, 25—For, behold, I create … a new earth. And I will … joy in My people. And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of them. They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant, and another eat: for as the days of a tree are [shall be] the days of My people, and Mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands. They shall not labor in vain, nor bring forth for trouble; for they are [shall be] the seed of the blessed of the Lord. The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock: and dust shall be the serpent's meat. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain, saith the LORD.
WHAT ARE SOME SCRIPTURES BEARING ON
Dan. 12:1, 2—At that time shall Michael stand up … and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book. And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake,
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some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. John 5:28, 29 (Am. Rev. Ver.)—The hour cometh, in which all that are in the tombs shall hear His voice, and shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of judgment. Acts 24:15—Have hope toward God, … that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust. 1 Cor. 15:23 (Am. Rev. Ver., margin)—Each [shall be made alive] in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; then they that are Christ's, at His presence. 1 Cor. 15:45-48, 54-57—The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening [became a life-giving] Spirit. Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual. The first man is [was] of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven. As is [was] the earthy [one, Adam], such are [shall] they also [be] that are [will be] earthy: and as is the heavenly [One, Jesus], such are [shall] they [be] also that are [will be] heavenly. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? … Thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ!
WHY SHOULD WE EXPECT A RESURRECTION—
A PERFECTING—OF THE OBEDIENT OF THE
WORLD AS WELL AS OF THE CHURCH?
(1) God's Oath—bound Promise to bless all nations through Abraham's Seed: Jesus and His faithful followers: Gen. 22:18—In thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed. Gal. 3:8, 16, 29—The Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the Gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed. Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one,
And to thy seed, which is Christ. And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.
(2) Christ's Ransom-sacrifice for all and His resurrection: 1 Tim. 2:4-6—Who will have all men to be saved, … for … the Man Christ Jesus, … gave Himself a ransom for all. John 12:32, 33—And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto Me. This He said, signifying what death He should die. Rom. 5:18, 19 (Am. Rev. Ver.)—Through one act of righteousness the free gift came [shall come] unto all men to justification of life. For … through the obedience of the One shall the many be made righteous. 1 Cor. 15:17, 18, 20-22—If Christ be not raised, … they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished. But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. For since by man came death, by man came [shall come] also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
(3) The sacrificial sufferings of the faithful followers of Christ for the dead: 1 Cor. 15:29-32—Else what shall they do which are baptized [not by water, but by sacrificial sufferings, Mark 10:35-40] for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? Why are they then baptized [with sacrificial sufferings unto death] for the dead? And why stand we in jeopardy every hour? I protest by your rejoicing which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily. If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? 2 Tim. 2:11, 12—If we be dead [die] with Him, we shall also live with Him. If we suffer, we shall also reign with Him.
WHERE WILL THESE TWO RESURRECTED
CLASSES SPEND ETERNITY?
(1) The faithful followers of Christ: John 14:3—If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto Myself; that where I am, there ye may be also. 2 Cor. 5:1—We have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the
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heavens. Is. 65:17—For, behold, I create new heavens. Is. 66:22—For as the new heavens … shall remain before Me, … so shall … your name remain. 2 Pet. 3:13—We, according to His promise, look for new heavens … wherein dwelleth righteousness.
(2) The obedient of the world: Ps. 37:11 (comp. Matt. 5:5)—The meek shall inherit the earth. Prov. 2:21—The upright shall dwell in the land, and the perfect shall remain in it. Is. 60:21—Thy people also shall be all righteous: they shall inherit the land for ever. Ezek. 37:25—They shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob My servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein … for ever. 2 Pet. 3:13—We, according to His promise, look for … a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.